Category: Accounting Principles

Qualitative Characteristics

Qualitative characteristics are part of the accounting framework and are attributes which enable financial information to be useful to users.

Accounting Constraints

Accounting constraints sometimes referred to as modifying principles, are used to modify accounting assumptions and accounting concepts to make accounting information in financial statements more useful for users.

Accounting Assumptions

Financial statements are multipurpose documents used by many different parties for different reasons. For this reason financial statements need to be based on a generally agreed accounting framework or structure so that all parties understand how they are produced. Accounting assumptions can be considered to be the foundations on which the framework is based.

Accounting Principles

Double entry bookkeeping is the first stage in producing a set of financial statements for a business.

For the financial statements to be useful the users (the bank manger, tax authorities, owners, investors, etc) need to have agreed and understand how they were compiled from the underlying information, these understandings form the principles of accounts.

Accounting Concepts

The accounting assumptions are supplemented by a number of accounting concepts, which act as guides on how particular business transactions should be reported in financial statements, and allow them to be objective (not subject to bias or influenced by personal feelings or opinions).