Accounting ratios are a relative measure of two or more values taken from the financial statements of a business and can be expressed as a decimal value such as 0.45 or as a percentage e.g. 45%.

The site does not aim to list all possible ratios as many are not relevant to the smaller business, but is does give what are considered to be the most important ratios used in managing a business.

## Accounting Ratios Analysis

Accounting ratios are used to analyse business trends and measure performance of both the business and the management.

One accounting ratio viewed in isolation will not tell you a great deal about a business. The key with using accounting ratios is to chose the ratios which are most critical to your business, decide on the formula to use, which should be the same as that used by comparable businesses in your industry, and consistently monitor the ratio over time relative to other ratios you have calculated.

## Ratios in Accounting

Accounting ratios can be split into six main categories

- Profitability Ratios
- Liquidity Ratios
- Efficiency ratios
- Leverage Ratios
- Activity ratios
- Investor ratios

## Popular Accounting Ratios Formulas

A selection of popular ratios from the Accounting Ratios Formulas Guide.

- Asset Turnover Ratio
- Creditor Days Ratio
- Current Ratio
- Days Sales Outstanding
- Debt Equity Ratio
- Debtor Days Ratio
- Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio
- Gearing Ratio
- Gross Profit Percentage
- Interest Coverage Ratio
- Inventory Days
- Net Profit Ratio
- Operating Leverage
- Overhead Ratio
- Quick Ratio or Acid Test Ratio
- Return on Assets ROA
- Return on Equity – ROE
- Return on Sales
- ROCE – Return on Capital Employed
- Working Capital Turnover Ratio