The accounting equation table below acts as a quick reference to help show you the effects of typical start-up business transactions on the fundamental accounting equation. The table is based on the formula for the basic accounting equation as follows:
The Accounting Equation Table Guide and Key
- Transaction: Each row represents a business transaction typical used when starting a business.
- Assets: The assets part of the basic accounting equation.
- Liabilities: The liabilities part of the basic accounting equation.
- Equity: The equity part of the accounting equation, which includes capital and reserves.
- + The item is increased due to the transaction.
- – The item is decreased due to the transaction.
- + /- One item is increased and another is decreased due to the transaction.
|Injection of capital by owner||+||+|
|Property provided by owner||+||+|
|Office equipment purchased with cash||+ / –|
|Equipment purchased on account||+||+|
|Equipment sold||+ / –|
|Supplier account payment made||–||–|
|Revenue for cash sale received||+||+|
|Expense paid by cash||–||–|
|Cash withdrawn by the owner||–||–|
|Cash received from an account customer||+ / –|
|Loan is taken from a bank||+||+|
|Expenses incurred on account with a supplier||+||–|
|Loan repayment is made with cash||–||–|
About the Author
Chartered accountant Michael Brown is the founder and CEO of Double Entry Bookkeeping. He has worked as an accountant and consultant for more than 25 years in all types of industries. He has been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and has run small businesses of his own. He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a BSc from Loughborough University.