# Cash Flow Direct Method Formula

A cash flow direct method formula is used to calculate cash inflows and cash outflows when preparing a cash flow statement using the direct method.

Using the direct method the cash flow from operating activities is calculated using cash receipts from sales, interest and dividends, and cash payments for expenses, interest and income tax. The listing shown below acts as a quick reference to each cash flow direct method formula used to calculate these cash receipts and payments.

## Cash Flow Direct Method Formula

The amount of cash received from customers is calculated by adjusting total sales shown in the income statement for the movement in the customer accounts receivable balances (AR) shown in the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Receipts = Sales + Beginning AR - Ending AR`

AR = Accounts receivable

### Cash Paid to Suppliers

The cash paid to suppliers for purchases relating to inventory is calculated by adjusting cost of goods sold (COGS) from the income statement for movements in inventory and accounts payable (AP) from the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Payments = COGS + Ending inventory - Beginning Inventory + Beginning AP - Ending AP`

COGS = Cost of goods sold , AP = Accounts payable

### Cash Paid to Employees

Wages paid is calculated by adjusting total wages from the income statement for movements in wages payable (WP) from the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Payments = Wages expense + Beginning WP - Ending WP`

WP = Wages payable

### Cash Paid for Expenses

The cash paid in respect of expenses is calculated by adjusting total expenses from the income statement for movements in prepaid expenses and accrued expenses from the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Payments = Expenses + Ending prepaid expenses - Beginning prepaid expenses + Beginning accrued expenses - Ending accrued expenses`

The amount of interest received is calculated by adjusting the interest income shown in the income statement for the movement in the interest receivable balances (IR) shown in the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Receipts = Interest income + Beginning IR - Ending IR`

IR = Interest receivable

The amount of dividends received is calculated by adjusting the dividend income shown in the income statement for the movement in the dividends receivable balances (DR) shown in the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Receipts = Dividends income + Beginning DR - Ending DR`

DR = Dividends receivable

### Interest Paid

Interest paid is calculated by adjusting the total interest expense from the income statement for movements in interest payable (IP) from the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Payments = Interest expense + Beginning IP - Ending IP`

IP = Interest payable

### Income Tax Paid

Income tax paid is calculated by adjusting the total income tax expense from the income statement for movements in income tax payable (TP) from the balance sheet. The cash flow direct method formula is as follows.

`Payments = Income tax expense + Beginning TP - Ending TP`

TP = Income tax payable

## Statement of Cash Flows Direct Method Layout

The receipts and payments information calculated using the cash flow direct method formulas shown above are used to construct the direct method cash flow statement in a format similar to that shown below.

 Cash receipts from customers 30,000 Cash paid to suppliers -10,000 Cash paid to employees -7,000 Cash paid for expenses -5,000 Interest received 500 Dividend received 400 Interest paid -2,000 Income tax paid -3,000 Cash flow from operating activities 3,900

## Popular Double Entry Bookkeeping References

This cash flow direct method formula reference is one of many popular references from the double entry bookkeeping reference guide, discover another at the links below.