Changes in Cash Flow Funding
The net cash flow in or out for a business for an accounting period must be matched by changes in cash flow funding.
If we use the example cash flow statement below, the top half of the cash flow statement shows the cash flows in and out due to operating. financing and investing activities, the final figure (highlighted in green) represents the net cash flow out of the business, in this case 57,000.
In order for this to happen, the business must match this cash flow out with additional cash flow funding.
The bottom half of the cash flow statement (highlighted in blue) shows how this additional cash flow funding has been found by showing the changes in the various sources of funds available.
In this example a net cash flow out of the business of 57,000 has been funded by an increase in the overdraft of 43,000, an increase in loans of 9,000, and finally the owner has injected a further 5,000 of capital.
|Receipts from trade (EBITDA)||8,000|
|Less to fund working capital||-30,000|
|Operating Cash Flow||-22,000|
|Bank loan repayments||20,000|
|Other loan repayments||1,000|
|Financing Cash Flow||23,000|
|Capital expenditure on fixed assets||14,000|
|Capital receipts from the disposal of fixed assets||-2,000|
|Investing Cash Flow||12,000|
|Net cash received/(paid)||-57,000|
|Change in funding||57,000|
The two sides must always be equal, that is to say the net cash flow in or out of the business must be matched by changes in cash flow funding.
About the Author
Chartered accountant Michael Brown is the founder and CEO of Double Entry Bookkeeping. He has worked as an accountant and consultant for more than 25 years in all types of industries. He has been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and has run small businesses of his own. He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a BSc from Loughborough University.