The current portion of long term loan or long term debt is a current liability. It is the amount of debt principal repayable within 12 months of the balance sheet date. The current portion of long-term debt is not the same as short term debt.
Other Long Term Debt
How to Calculate a Mortgage Payment
A mortgage is an interest in a property that is transferred from a borrower (the mortgagor) to a lender (mortgagee) to as security for a mortgage loan. If the lender does not repay the loan then the lender can under certain circumstances take the property.
As we have a series of periodic payments from the lender to the borrower and a periodic compounding interest rate, the mortgage payment can be regarded as an annuity.
Outstanding Loan Balance Calculation
As regular payments will clear a loan balance over the term, the present value (PV) of the payments must be equal to the value of the loan. It follows that the remaining balance on an loan can be calculated by calculating the present value (PV) of the outstanding loan repayments.
Loan Repayment Principal and Interest
A business obtains a loan of 500 at an annual interest rate of 6% to be repaid in 3 annual installments of 187.05 at the end of each year. The loan repayments are split between principal and interest before the bookkeeping journal entries are made.
Debt Finance in Accounting
Debt finance is that part of your business finance which is made by way of debt. Debt finance is usually secured on business assets and sometimes personal assets of the owner. The debt finance is provided by a lender and your business is termed the borrower.
Receive a Loan Journal Entry
A business applies to a bank and receives a loan of 25,000. The money is paid direct to the bank current account of the business.
The double entry bookkeeping journal entry to show the business receive a loan into its bank account is as follows:
Accounting for Capital Leases Calculator
This accounting for capital leases calculator will help a business to produce the monthly accounting journals required to record capital leases.
The rental payments on a capital lease are split between principal and interest when posted to the accounting records. As the lease liability reduces each month the interest will reduce and the principal / interest split changes.
Finance Lease Accounting Journal Entries
The finance lease accounting journal entries below act as a quick reference, and set out the most commonly encountered situations when dealing with the double entry posting of finance or capital leases.
Capital Lease Accounting
Capital lease accounting deals with the treatment of an asset rented by a business under the terms of a capital lease agreement.
A capital lease or finance lease is an agreement between the business (lessee) to rent an asset from a lessor. The lessor (lease company, finance company etc.) owns the asset, and the business rents the asset in return for a periodic rental payment. The business never owns the asset, at the end of the term it is returned to the lessor or a secondary period of rental is entered into.
Debt vs Equity in Accounting
It is important for a business to maintain the correct level of debt vs equity. The ability of a business to take on debt is limited by it’s ability to pay the interest charges and make the repayments.
However, debt should not be considered a bad thing, if used correctly if can greatly improve the return to the owners of the business.
Small Business Loan Calculator
The Small Business Loan Calculator can be used when applying for business loans to estimate the maximum amount a lender is willing to lend based on 3 criteria; security available, ability of the business to repay, and the Equity or Net Worth of the business.
How to Record a Loan from a Friend
The business receives a loan of 10,000 from a friend of the owner. The money is paid direct to the bank account of the business. It is important to understand that although the money is from a friend of the owner the loan is to the business.