Expanded Accounting Equation

What is the Expanded Accounting Equation?

The expanded accounting equation is an extension of the accounting equation. It is formed by expanding the equity section of the accounting equation as shown below.

1. Assets = Liabilities + Equity
2. Assets = Liabilities + Capital + Retained earnings
3. Assets = Liabilities + Capital + Revenue Expenses Drawings

In the expanded accounting equation formula equity is made up from the capital injected by the owner and the retained earnings of the business.

The retained earnings is the accumulated retained profits of the business which can be further split down into revenue less expenses less drawings. The drawings represents cash taken out of the business by way of salary, in a corporation this would be represented by dividends paid to the equity holders.

Rearranging the expanded version of the accounting equation gives the following equation, which can be used as a reference point to determine the use of debits and credits in double entry bookkeeping.

Debits on the left, credits on the right
Assets + Expenses + Drawings = Liabilities + Capital + Revenue
Debit Credit

The expanded accounting equation effectively shows that retained earnings is the link between the balance sheet and the income statement.

Additional information can be found in our expanded accounting equation tutorial

For further information see the Wikipedia accounting equation definition.

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Last modified March 23rd, 2016 by Team

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