Receive a Loan Journal Entry

A business applies to a bank and receives a loan of 25,000. The money is paid direct to the bank account of the business.

To receive a loan the business will post the following double entry bookkeeping journal entry.

Receive a Loan from a Bank Journal Entry

The accounting records will show the following bookkeeping transaction entries to receive a loan from a bank.

Receive a Loan Journal Entry
Account Debit Credit
Cash 25,000
Loan 25,000
Total 25,000 25,000

Receive a Loan Journal Entry Explained

Cash has been received by the business and deposited into its bank account. The debit records the increase in the cash balance in the balance sheet of the business.

The business now has a liability to repay the lender (the bank) the money on the due date in accordance with the loan agreement. The credit records this liability in the balance sheet under the heading loan.

Accounting Equation – Receive a Loan

The accounting equation, Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity means that the total assets of the business are always equal to the total liabilities plus the equity of the business This is true at any time and applies to each transaction. For this transaction the accounting equation is shown in the following table.

receive a loan accounting equation

In this case an asset (cash) increases as the money is received into the bank account of the business, and a liability (loan) increases representing the amount owed to the bank in accordance with the loan agreement.

A separate loan account should be established in the balance sheet for each loan. The amount recorded is termed the loan principal.

Popular Double Entry Bookkeeping Examples

Another double entry bookkeeping example for you to discover.

Last modified November 25th, 2019 by Michael Brown

About the Author

Chartered accountant Michael Brown is the founder and CEO of Double Entry Bookkeeping. He has worked as an accountant and consultant for more than 25 years and has built financial models for all types of industries. He has been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and has run small businesses of his own. He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a degree from Loughborough University.

You May Also Like