The current portion of long term loan or long term debt is a current liability. It is the amount of debt principal repayable within 12 months of the balance sheet date. The current portion of long-term debt is not the same as short term debt.
A business pays a cash deposit to secure the acquisition of a property. At the end of the accounting period the contract is not completely satisfied and the deposit is held on the balance sheet as a current asset. Subsequent to the year end the property purchase is completed and the deposit is used in part settlement for the purchase.
A business records an bookkeeping entry for goods given to charity. Since the goods are given free of charge they have no sales value and cannot be recorded as sales and therefore the cost of goods needs to be removed from the purchases account and transferred to a charitable expenses account.
A business records an accounting entry for free samples given to customers. Since the free promotional samples have no sales value they cannot be recorded as sales and therefore the cost of the samples needs to be removed from the purchases account and transferred to a promotional expenses account.
A business maintains a checking account with a financial institution to allow it to make day to day deposits and withdrawals of cash. A cash deposit in bank journal entry is used to record the transfer of the physical cash held by the business to the bank account.
When a business maintains an imprest system of petty cash it is necessary to replenish the fund at the end of an accounting period. A journal entry is used to record the petty cash expenditure incurred during the period and to reflect the cash used for replenishment.
A rental deposit is paid by a business to a landlord when renting premises. The deposit is refundable but is held by the landlord as security in the event that the business has caused damage to the property or has rent outstanding when the property is vacated.