Sale or return basis is a term used to refer to an arrangement whereby goods are sent by a business to a customer on the understanding that the customer will either approve and retain the goods or return then within a specified period of time.
Batch costing can be used by both manufacturing and service industries. The purpose of the batch cost system is to allow a business to calculate the total cost of a batch of identical units in order that a unit cost, selling price and profitability can be determined.
Branch accounting is used by a business to assess the profitability of each of its branches. The simplest method is for the central head office to operate a single branch account for each branch. The method is sometimes referred to as the debtors system or direct method system.
As the number of bookkeeping transactions increases an accounting ledger needs to be split into various subsidiary ledgers. Self balancing ledger accounting is a method of entering two sided transactions in each ledger using adjustment accounts in order that a trial balance can be extracted from each of the subsidiary ledgers.
The sales volume variance has two components, the sales mix variance and the sales quantity variance. The sales mix variance shows the effect of the difference between the actual and budgeted sales mix. The sales quantity variance shows the effect of the difference between the actual volume sold at the budgeted mix and the budgeted volume.
The net income from the profit and loss account is transferred to the partnership appropriation account in order that it can be adjusted for partner salaries, commissions, and interest. Any residual net income after adjustment is distributed to the partners.
The manufacturing account is a general ledger account used by a manufacturer to accumulate production costs such as direct materials, direct labor and manufacturing overheads. The account is used to calculate the manufacturing cost of goods completed during an accounting period.