## Excel DB Function

The Excel DB function is one of many Excel financial functions, and can be used to calculate the declining balance depreciation of a long term asset. It has the syntax DB (cost, salvage, life, period, month).

## Excel DDB Function

The Excel DDB function is one of many Excel financial functions, and can be used to calculate the declining balance depreciation of a long term asset. It has the syntax DDB (cost, salvage, life, period, factor).

By setting the factor parameter to either one or two, the function can be used to calculate either the declining balance depreciation or the double declining balance depreciation.

## Excel SLN Function

The Excel SLN function is one of many Excel financial functions, and can be used to calculate the straight line depreciation of a long term asset. It has the syntax SLN (cost, salvage, life).

## Excel SYD Function

The Excel SYD function is used to calculate the sum of the years digits depreciation for a given accounting period. It is based on an assets cost. salvage value, and useful life.

## Excel NOMINAL Function

The Excel NOMINAL function is used to calculate the nominal annual rate (i) required to give an effective annual rate (r), allowing for a given number of compounding periods each year (m). The effective rate allows for compounding, whereas the nominal rate does not allow for compounding.

## Excel PV Function

The Excel PV function is one of many Excel financial functions, and can be used to calculate the present value in excel of a lump sum, an annuity, or an annuity due. It has the syntax PV (Rate, Nper, Pmt, FV, Type).

## Excel RATE Function

The Excel RATE function is used to calculate the discount rate (i) in time value of money calculations. For example, it can calculate the interest rate on a loan given the value of the loan, the term and the periodic payments, it can be used to calculate the interest rate earned on a savings account, or the interest rate needed to generate annuity payments from a lump sum investment.

## Excel FV Function

The Excel FV function is one of many Excel financial functions, and can be used to calculate the present value in excel of a lump sum, an annuity, or an annuity due. It has the syntax FV (Rate, Nper, Pmt, PV, Type).

## Excel NPV Function

The Excel NPV function is used to calculate the present value of unequal cash flows in time value of money calculations.

To calculate the net present value of a project, the original investment at the start of the project needs to be deducted from the answer provided by the Excel NPV function.

## Excel NPER Function

The Excel NPER function is one of many Excel financial functions, and can be used to calculate the number of periods for a lump sum, annuity or annuity due to grow to a future value. In addition the function can also be used to calculate the number of periods it takes for a loan to be repaid.

## Excel PMT Function

The Excel PMT function is used to calculate the payment (Pmt) in time value of money calculations. For example, it can calculate the payments needed to clear a loan balance, the deposits to a savings account to grow to a future value, or annuity and annuity due payments from a lump sum investment.